How To Choose Warehouse Lighting

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Imagine a busy warehouse: forklifts moving around, workers getting their jobs done, and items being picked and packed perfectly. But what if it’s too dark? It becomes a place for inefficiency, accidents, and eye strain.

Proper lighting in a warehouse is important. It’s like a silent guide that helps work to be done safely, efficiently, and affordably.

This guide will help you understand warehouse lighting better. We’ll dive into the topic, helping you become an expert. By the end, you’ll know how to choose the best lighting system for your warehouse. This way, it’ll be a bright and efficient place for everyone.

Understanding Warehouse Lighting Needs


Forget about old, dim incandescent bulbs. Today, LEDs are the best for lighting up warehouses. They save energy, last longer, and give off a bright light, perfect for big areas like warehouses.



But don’t just pick LEDs without thinking. To get the most from them, consider your warehouse’s specific lighting needs. Consider the size of the space, what activities are done there, the desired atmosphere, and safety rules. Then you can create a lighting solution that uses the strengths of LEDs and meets your warehouse’s unique needs.

Here are two key factors that will influence your lighting choices:

What Type of Activity Takes Place in Your Warehouse?

Understanding the type of activity taking place in your warehouse is crucial in determining the appropriate lighting requirements. If your warehouse involves a fast-paced picking and packing operation, high visibility is essential. On the other hand, if it primarily serves as a storage facility, general ambient light may be sufficient. Identify your main activities to decide how much light you need and what type of fixtures to use for your needs.

Warehouse Lighting Requirements

Warehouse Lighting Requirements: A Breakdown (Safety, Efficiency, & More!)

• Safety: Adequate lighting is important for ensuring a safe working environment in warehouses. Properly illuminated pathways, storage areas, and workstations reduce the risk of accidents and injuries.

• Efficiency: Efficient lighting solutions help optimize warehouse operations by enhancing visibility, reducing energy consumption, and improving overall productivity.

• Task-Specific Lighting: Tasks in different warehouse areas need different levels of lighting. Task-specific lighting solutions tailored to each area can improve efficiency and employee comfort.

• Regulatory Compliance: Safety regulations play a crucial role in warehouse lighting. OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) outlines specific minimum foot-candle (Fc) levels for different areas of a warehouse. Ensuring compliance with these regulations is not only essential for worker safety but also avoids potential penalties.

By considering these key factors and diving deeper into the world of lighting calculations and layout design, we’ll transform your warehouse from a dimly lit maze to a beacon of efficiency and productivity. Stay tuned as we explore the fascinating world of warehouse lighting together!

Calculating Warehouse Lighting


Now that we’ve covered the basics of picking the right light for your warehouse, let’s dive into the details: Figuring out the right amount of light. We’ll talk about lumens and wattage, and also answer the common question: “How many lumens do you need for your warehouse?”

How many FC need for different types of warehouse spaces


Find out how much light your warehouse needs. We measure this in Lumens or Foot-Candles. Here’s how many foot-candles (fc) different types of warehouse spaces need:

Area in Warehouse Required Light Level (in Foot-Candles)
General Storage 30-50 fc
Picking and Packing 50-75 fc
Loading Areas 50-75 fc
Assembly Spots 75-100 fc
Office Spaces 50-75 fc
Shelves and Aisles 50-75 fc
Stairs and Lifts 5-10 fc
Washrooms 20-50 fc
Areas Storing Dangerous Items 50-75 fc

Understanding Lumens: A Simple Guide to Brightness


It used to be common to measure the brightness of warehouse lights in wattage. But now, we use lumens. Lumens tell us how much visible light a light source gives off. You can think of lumens as the power of your lighting system—the more lumens, the brighter the light.

However, not all LED lights with the same wattage give off the same amount of lumens. Newer lights can give off more light while using less energy. This is called lumens per watt efficiency. So, if you only look at wattage when choosing warehouse lights, you might end up with a workspace that isn’t bright enough.

Now, let’s answer the big question:

How Many Lumens Do You Need for Your Warehouse?


Unfortunately, there’s no one-size-fits-all answer. The ideal number of lumens for your warehouse depends on several factors, including:

• Warehouse Height: Light spreads and gets dimmer over distance. Higher ceilings necessitate more lumens to achieve the desired light level at floor level.

• Activities Performed: What you do in your warehouse affects how bright the light needs to be. If you’re doing tasks like picking inventory or quality checking, you’ll need a brighter light.

• Warehouse Layout & Aisle Width: The design of your warehouse, including the width of aisles and the arrangement of shelves, also impacts how much light you need. If you have narrow aisles or lots of storage areas, you might need more focused lighting.

Appropriate lumens at Various Heights of LED warehouse lighting

We often get questions about the best lumens for warehouses of different heights. While we always recommend a personalized lighting plan, here are some general suggestions for achieving optimal brightness without excessive illumination.

Height (ft) Suggest Lumens
12-15 10,000-18,000
15-20 16,000-24,000
25-35 38,000
25-25 35,000

Warehouse Light Layout Design


A good warehouse lighting plan takes into account factors such as:

• Spacing: The distance between fixtures plays a crucial role. Spacing too close can create glare, while too far apart leaves areas under-lit. Understanding the beam angle (the spread of light) of your chosen fixtures is essential for optimal spacing.

• Uniformity: The goal is to create a consistent level of light throughout the entire warehouse. This minimizes shadows and ensures workers have clear visibility in all areas, reducing accidents and improving efficiency.

• Crossover Lighting: Crossover lighting involves positioning fixtures in rows so that the light beams overlap slightly. This eliminates dark spots and ensures uniform illumination, even in wide aisles.

• Natural Light Integration: If your warehouse has windows, consider their placement when designing your layout. Maximize the use of natural light during the day by positioning fixtures strategically to supplement natural illumination.

Choosing the Perfect Warehouse Lighting Fixtures


Types of LED Warehouse Light Fixtures


Here are some popular warehouse lighting fixtures and their ideal applications:

1. High-Bay LED Lights: Ideal for warehouses with high ceilings, high-bay LED lights deliver powerful illumination over large areas. These fixtures are designed to provide uniform light distribution and can be mounted at heights of 20 feet or more, making them perfect for warehouses, distribution centers, and manufacturing facilities.

2. Low-Bay LED Lights: Suitable for warehouses with lower ceiling heights, low-bay LED lights offer efficient lighting solutions for areas with clearance heights ranging from 12 to 20 feet. These lights make sure aisles, storage areas, and workstations are well-lit for clear sight and safety.

3. Linear LED Fixtures: Linear LED fixtures are versatile lighting solutions that can be mounted flush to the ceiling or suspended from overhead structures. These fixtures are commonly used to provide task lighting in specific areas of the warehouse, such as packing stations, assembly lines, or inspection areas.

4. Wall Packs & Flood Lights: These powerful fixtures are ideal for illuminating exterior areas like building perimeters, loading docks, and security zones. They offer a wide beam angle and high lumen output for enhanced security and visibility.



Mounting Options for LED Warehouse Lights


In addition to selecting the right type of LED warehouse lights, choosing the appropriate mounting option is equally important for achieving best illumination and efficiency.

1. Ceiling Mount: Ceiling-mounted LED fixtures are ideal for warehouses with ample overhead clearance. These fixtures are directly attached to the ceiling surface, providing uniform illumination across the entire workspace.

2. Pendant Mount: Pendant-mounted LED fixtures are suspended from overhead structures using chains, cables, or rods. This mounting option allows for adjustable height and direction of light, making it suitable for areas where precise lighting control is required.

3. Wall Mount: Wall-mounted LED fixtures are installed directly onto vertical surfaces, providing focused illumination in specific areas of the warehouse, such as loading docks, entryways, or corridors.

Choosing the right LED lights for your warehouse can make your workspace brighter and safer. It also helps you work better and faster. Whether you need large lights for big storage areas or smaller lights for specific tasks, there’s a suitable option for you.

Key Considerations for Effective Warehouse Lighting


1. Wattage:

    • Choose the right wattage based on your needs.
    • Aim for 50-75 watts per 1000 square feet of floor space.

2. Color Temperature:

    • Consider the color temperature that works best for your warehouse:
      • Cooler color temperatures (5000K-6500K) are ideal for task lighting.
      • Warmer color temperatures (3000K-4000K) are suitable for ambient lighting.

3. Mounting Height:

    • Select lights appropriate for your mounting height.
    • High bay lights are typically mounted between 20 and 40 feet high.

4. Type of Mounting:

  • Choose between surface-mounted and suspended high bay lights based on your warehouse layout.


5. Energy Efficiency:

      • Prioritize energy-efficient high bay lights to reduce consumption and costs.
      • Look for high efficacy (lumens per watt) ratings.

6. Durability:

    • Ensure the chosen high bay lights are durable and built to withstand warehouse conditions.
    • Look for lights designed to resist dust, vibration, and other environmental factors.

7. Integration with Lighting Controls

Make the lights work with the control systems so we can manage and automate them from one place. This lets us easily adjust how bright the lights are in the whole warehouse.



This guide helped you understand warehouse activities, calculate lumens, choose the right LED fixtures, and improve efficiency. Using these tips, your warehouse will not only be well-lit, but your team will also be more productive and safe. Start now and reach out to us for a free consultation to create the best lighting for your specific warehouse!

Frequently Asked Questions


Q: What’s the best kind of lights for a warehouse?

A: The type of lighting that is best for a warehouse depends on various factors, including the warehouse layout and specific lighting requirements. commonly used lighting types are High Bay Lights /Low Bay Lights/Linear light, etc

Q: How do you calculate lighting for a warehouse?

A: To calculate lighting for a warehouse, you need to consider the square footage of the space and the activities taking place. Determine the recommended lumens per square foot based on the type of operation (e.g., picking and packing or storage). Multiply the square footage by the recommended lumens per square foot to get the total lumens required for the warehouse.

Q: How many lumens do you need for a warehouse?

A: The number of lumens needed for a warehouse depends on the specific requirements and activities. As a general guideline, warehouses typically require around 20-50 lumens per square foot. However, this can vary based on factors such as task complexity, ceiling height, and safety regulations.

Q: What are the lighting requirements for a warehouse?

A: The lighting requirements for a warehouse include:

  • Sufficient brightness to ensure safety and productivity
  • Uniform lighting distribution to minimize shadows and glare
  • Adequate color rendering to accurately identify objects and labels
  • Energy efficiency to reduce operating costs
  • Compliance with safety regulations and standards

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